AK Ramanujan How many Ramayanas! Three hundred? Three thousand? At the end of some Ramayanas, a question is sometimes asked. About two weeks ago, Delhi University voted to remove A.K. Ramanujan’s essay, “Three Hundred Ramayanas,” from its curriculum. The scholarly essay by A. K. Ramanujan. “Three Hundred Ramayanas: Five Examples and Three Thoughts on Translation.’ appeared in The.

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Now, is there a common core to the Rama stories, except the most skeletal set of relations like that of Rama, his brother, his wife and the antagonist Ravana who abducts her? Both narrate the story of Ahalya. I must be punished.

In several of the later Ramayanas such as the Adhyatma Ramayanasixteenth centurywhen Rama is exiled, he does not want Sita to go with him into the forest. But in this rzmanujan, because of political pressure, it entertained complaints which were not based on academic merit.

What exists is the practiced moves of the Leftists. Tagged Under – Ramayana.

All the subjects, all things living in it, will die. What would be on the mind of India’s newest voter waiting to press the EVM button in Early in the morning, a dog came that way and pissed into his mouth a little before he woke up and went home. The only others which come close are the other epical Ramayanas by Kamban and Tulsi, which have come much later and clearly indicate their indebtness to Valmiki.

The compassionate Laksmana leaves her alive in the forest, though, and brings back the heart of a deer as witness to the execution.

In these, the story usually occurs in bits and pieces. Hanuman had gone down to fetch the ring. Our topic is one that is both personal to all of us and one from which we aim to bring about the notion that the presentation of history in a certain manner always has far reaching implications and hence should ramxyana done in a very responsible manner. The sage Vasistha and the ramsyana Brahma came to see him.


Shakesphere is not the only authentic guy you know. But this story is about the power of the Ramayanaabout what happens when you really listen to this potent story.

He is noble, learned, earns all his magical powers and weapons through austerities tapasand is a devotee of Jain masters. Ramanujan’s essay”Three Hundred Ramayanas,” from its curriculum. Hanuman is sent to subterranean regions to bring her back, but she refuses to return.

Three Hundred Ramayanas: Five Examples and Three Thoughts on Translation

One sees here not only a different texture and emphasis: Now rqmayana then, as we have seen, Text 2 uses the plot and characters and names of Text 1 minimally and uses them to say entirely new things, often in an effort to subvert the predecessor by producing a counter-text.

Even a fool cannot resist it; he is entranced and caught up in the action.

This leaves just the one reasonable possibility: Five Examples and Three Thoughts on Translation. Neither celibate nor devout, as in the Hindu Ramayana, here Hanuman is quite a ladies’ man, who doesn’t mind looking into the bedrooms of Lanka and doesn’t consider watching another man’s wife while she sleeps to be immoral, as Valmiki’s or Kampan’s Hanuman would. However, those who oppose them must come ramyaana with scholarship, evidence, and sound reasoning!

It seeks to demonstrate factually how the story of Rama has undergone numerous variations while being transmitted across different languages, societies, geographical regions, religions, and historical periods.

Note the many references to fertility and rain.

This essay was part of the readings in one of the history courses. Whenever an incarnation of Rama is about to be over, his ring falls down. His dying words later provide the theme of a famous love poem of the nineteenth century, an inscription of a Wat of Bangkok Desai Rama cannot handle this new menace, so it is Sita who goes to war and slays the new demon see Shulman Drawn irresistibly by this immortal epic, they have in their own ways, for their own happiness or profit retold it, and in many cases, have enriched it in their own unique way.


It also describes the preparations for the war, Hanuman’s visit to Lanka and his burning of it, the building of the bridge, the siege of Lanka, the fall of Ravana, and Rama’s reunion with Sita. Furthermore, since the Jains consider themselves rationalists—unlike the Hindus, who, according to them, are given to exorbitant and often bloodthirsty fancies and rituals—they systematically avoid episodes involving miraculous births Rama and his brothers are born in the normal wayblood sacrifices, and the like.

Ramanujan & the Ramayana

The essay was a required reading on Delhi University’s syllabus for history undergraduates from onward. When Dasaratha performs his sacrifice, he receives a rice ball, not the rice porridge payasa mentioned in Valmiki. But the proportions between the three kinds of relations differ vastly between Kampan and Goldman. In the latter, Ravana is a noble hero fated by his karma to fall for Sita and bring death upon himself, while he is in other texts an overweening demon.

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