KARDINER, ABRAM (–), U.S. psychoanalyst. Born and educated in New York City, Kardiner studied with *Freud from to In he was. Dr. Abram Kardiner, a leading American psychoanalyst who was one of the last living persons to have been analyzed by Sigmund Freud, died. Abram Kardiner’s 13 research works with citations and reads, including: The Mark of Oppression: Exploration in the Personality of the American Negro.
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Kardiner was born in in New York City.
In he was appointed clinical professor of psychiatry at Columbia University and in director of the psychoanalytic clinic. A model attribution edit summary using German: He was particularly interested in the psychological adaptation of the ego to war, society, oppression, and culture. He conducted joint seminars at Columbia University on the interplay of individual personality and culture in diverse societies.
Medal of Honor Recipients. He returned to the subject of anthropology in with They Studied Man, a study of the beginnings of cultural anthropology that focused on the lives of ten scholars and the ethos of the times. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation.
Based on work conducted at No. This structure was the product of “primary institutions” such as child training methods in dealing with aggression and sex and the family organization. Linton was introduced to Kardiner by the psychologist Abraham Maslow, who was a participant in the seminar and a former student of Linton. Top 50 American Jews.
Retrieved from ” https: Kardiner is best known in anthropology for his concepts of basic personality structure and projective systems. Kardiner published his major contribution to anthropology, The Individual and His Society inwith Linton as a contributor.
Exact name of German article]]; see its history for attribution. The standard practice was for an anthropologist to describe a culture; Kardiner would then analyze it in terms of his neo-Freudian ego psychology. Abram Kardiner was a psychiatrist and pioneering psychoanalyst who made major contributions to psychological and psychoanalytic anthropology as well as to his own professions.
It was from these cultural institutions, therefore, that the basic personality expected in the culture could be inferred. Download our mobile app for on-the-go access to the Jewish Virtual Library. Committee on Problems of Neurotic Behavior. One problem Kardiner encountered was the availability of cultural, but not psychological data on the societies investigated. Kardiner co-founded the New York Psychoanalytic Institute inthe first such training institute in the U.
Kardiner postulated the existence of a basic personality structure BPS personality traits shared by members of a society as a result of common early experiences. Kardiner, and those following his lead, believed it possible to elicit a “basic personality structure” — a set of trends entering into the characters of all individuals reared in the same culture.
Abram Kardiner | American scholar |
Medal of Freedom Recipients. He is most famously kqrdiner for authoring The Traumatic Neuroses of War available for downloadseen by many modern researchers and clinicians as a seminal work on combat related psychological trauma.
Inthe director, Sandor Rado, asked Kardiner to develop a course on the application of psychoanalysis to the study of culture. He divided culture into kkardiner institutions, which generated the BPS, and secondary institutions, which were expressions of the BPS.
Abram Kardiner – Wikipedia
Abam teaching at Columbia, he developed a course on the application of psychoanalysis to the study of culture and worked closely with Anthropologists throughout his career. The basic personality expressed itself unconsciously in secondary institutions such as folklore, art, and religion. Secondary institutions were based on the psychological karviner of projection and served to satisfy unmet needs symbolically.
The first session had only two students, but the seminar eventually grew to a hundred and included many distinguished anthropologists.
May Click [show] kadriner important translation instructions. National Research Council U. This page was last edited on 22 Mayat In recognition of his role as a renowned pioneer in the application of psychoanalysis to the study of culture, the APM established the Abram Kardiner Lectureship on Psychoanalysis and Culture in In he went to Vienna for a six-month training analysis with Sigmund Freud, and also took the opportunity to attend lectures by Geza Roheim on psychoanalysis and anthropology.
For more guidance, see Wikipedia: His last book was My Analysis with Freud: Kardiner co-authored with Lionel Ovesey Mark karsiner Oppressionwhich explored the impact of social pressures on the Abarm personality. But in her classic ethnography, The People of Alorwhich included chapters and sections by Kardiner, DuBois replaced the concept of basic personality with modal personality, referring to central tendencies in the personalities of members of a society that are not necessarily shared by all.
Kardiner’s theoretical procedure involved analyses of the social frustration of adult neurotics and “normal” individuals within the Akrdiner culture.
From his conclusions he established how groups in any culture would react to similar social frustration. Various patterns of child rearing, the biography of adult behavior, agram institutional structure were subjected to psychodynamic analysis.
This study involved four years of intensive research with 25 individuals, and it identified common personality dynamics that African Americans had developed, according to Kardiner, to cope with discrimination.
Abram Kardiner and Neo-Freudian Anthropology The Traumatic Neuroses of War.
Kardiner was deeply interested in kardner diagnosis and the psychoanalytic study of culture. This BPS included unconscious kardimer and anxieties that motivated behavior. After the war, Linton left Columbia, and Kardiner moved his seminar to the sociology department. Kardiner sought to demonstrate the applicability of his BPS theory to modern, complex American society with the publication in of The Mark of Oppression: This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in French.
Manson, The Psychodynamics of Culture: