Army Alpha Examination; U.S. Army Alpha Intelligence Test The Army Alpha  was developed shortly after the United States entered World War I by an. Army Alpha and Army Beta intelligence testing were crucial in assessing and classifying individual soldiers during World War I. This testing. The correlation of Army Alpha with academic marks in high schools and military academies yields an appreciably higher correlation for the latter group.
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Psy- chologists thus ramy not simply impose their knowledge on the military; rather, they had to persuade various members of the officer corps that psychological conceptions of “intelligence” were either better than or at least the same as military notions. Whereas hitherto one of a psychological examiner’s primary duties had been to interpret examinee behavior, with Army a data interpre- tation became the essence of the psychologist’s job and, in short order, the badge of his or her expertise.
Three answers are given to each question. The elimination of oral directions, the existence of three forms, and the modification for ease of scoring are appealing features of the test. While Thorndike always stressed in his public aalpha the heterogeneous nature of intelligence, he did not hesitate to construct measuring instruments that, like Terman’s, assigned a single number to an individual’s intelligence.
In many respects this event marked the beginning of the army’s active engagement in the project of psycholog- ically examining its recruits.
However, that was not enough. The silence about “intelligence” in the army’s public language is most clearly revealed in its formal regulations, especially those detailing the minimum require- ments for new recruits and the characteristics on which officers were to be rated in their performance evaluations, known as efficiency reports.
Communications with other military officials—and indeed within the psychological community itself—confirmed that the fear of civilian malingering was pervasive among military officials.
In these next two examples, examinees were required to complete the sentence by selecting one of the four possible answers. In America, it was the spread during the late nineteenth and early twen- tieth centuries, especially among the educated and cultural elite, of the scientistic culture known as Progressivism, often heavily tinged with eugenical ideas, that en- gendered and embodied this transformation.
For a related and somewhat more historical discussion of these issues see Bruno Latour, “Visualization and Cognition: Log In Sign Up. Each copy of any part of a JSTOR transmission must contain the same copyright notice that appears on the screen or printed page of such transmission.
Revising the Test | Facing History and Ourselves
Houghton Mifflin,esp. This page was last edited on 14 Novemberat But what is true is that in the official language military personnel used to describe their peers and subordinates—their public language—”intelligence” was not a salient feature. Things changed over the course of the war. Throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries the American military evinced virtually no interest in “intelligence,” at least in “intelligence” as connoting the cognitive powers of the mind.
I am surprised that the correlation is so high, for in my opinion the officers’ ratings are often based upon very peculiar conceptions of what is meant by intelli- gence. We are thus left with a process in which the authority of scientific knowledge is variable, changing over both time and cultural location in response to its successes and failures gest meeting the demands and evaluative criteria of the constituency for whom it is constructed.
Thurstone lay in analyzing the results of the trial in order to judge and improve Army a’s validity as an instrument measuring intelligence. Arps, Chief Psychological Examiner at Camp Sherman, is any indication, the psychologists in the field often strove mightily to carry out this assignment.
Genetics and the Uses of Human Heredity Berkeley: The brunt of the work for Thorndike and his associates Arthur S. Their analyses of the correlations of each intelegenec with total score, of the intercorrelations of each test, and of the correlations of each test with officers’ ratings also all produced results that in most respects were similar to Thorndike’s.
Did the psychological ratings match those made by experienced officers? On the variety of new recruits see esp. Listen, and when I say a word you tell me what it means” or “You see this box; it has two smaller boxes intelegencr of it, and each one of the smaller boxes contains a little tiny box. If any one of the ten tests correlates zero with officers’ ratings, it deserves zero weight in the composite score used for the prophecy. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link.
ASVAB | Sample Army Alpha/Beta Questions
Even apha, as ofthe efficiency report form asked for an assessment of “intelligence and judgment shown in instructing, drilling, and handling men,” this was not taken as an opportunity to remark on the officer’s intelligence in general, and indeed seems always to have been read as asking how well the officer handled enlisted men. Moreover, the lives of some individuals were deeply affected by the scores they attained. The inteleegence would seem to be best srmy ages 9 to 17, both on this point and on the number of cases.
How many boxes are there altogether, counting the big one? Yerkes,” [30 May date penciled alpna ], file: Also, the committee hoped to be able to pick out exceptional types of men who could be used for special tasks that demanded a high degree of intelligence. Click here to sign up. These were given to selected groups and the results compared with the criteria laid down. For more information see Joseph P. Psychological Tests, box, OCS, Terman had difficulty finding enough adults to survey.
Nonetheless, he did not simply ignore the criticisms being leveled within parts of the psychological community. How do both tests create the impression of scientific objectivity? On the other hand see Brown, memo to Chief of Staff, 31 Oct.
Whether by giving the examining program a more military appearance, by altering the instruments to make their operation more efficient and their results more palatable, or by actively “sell- ing” psychological methods, members of the Psychological Division worked dili- gently to persuade the army of the value of their endeavors.
The Career of Peyton C. A very thorough study of the reports submitted, however, has firmly convinced it that this examination will be of great value in assisting and determining the possibilities of all newly drafted men and all candidates for officers’ training camps.
The items are arranged in order of difficulty as empirically determined. Psychological Tests, box, RG Retrieved from ” https: