Scientific Name: Bungarus candidus (Linnaeus, ) Taxonomic Notes: Bungarus javanicus is considered to be a melanistic form of B. candidus (see Kuch. Envenoming by kraits (genus Bungarus) is a medically significant issue in South Asia and Southeast Asia. Malayan krait (Bungarus candidus). BACKGROUND: Bungarus candidus (Malayan krait) snake is a neurotoxin snake . Previous treatment after snakebite was mainly respiratory support until the.

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The efficacy of antivenoms and adjuvants such as anticholinesterases in patients bungxrus neurotoxic envenoming requires further study. In contrast to most short and long chain curaremimetic neurotoxins that produce virtually irreversible neuromuscular blockade in isolated nerve-muscle preparations, candoxin, a novel three-finger toxin from the Malayan krait Bungarus candidusproduced postjunctional neuromuscular blockade that was readily and completely reversible.

The smooth dorsal scales are arranged in 15 rows, with the vertebral row much enlarged. Neurotoxic Paralysis Very common, flaccid paralysis is major clinical effect. Case 2 was extubated on day 4 cadnidus the snakebite while case 1 was extubated later on day 10 because of superimposing pneumonia.

At night these snakes bite rather easily, as evidenced by the numerous bites that occur at night to people usually laying down to sleep on the floor. He was given further supportive care. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.

You’ll be in good company. The third case had delayed onset of signs and symptoms of neurotoxicity compared to the other three patients. An bungarrus black phenotype also occurs in some populations bungarks. A Life for Reptiles and Amphibians, Volume 1.


Amateur herpetologist roaming about Thailand on field herping tours and events to find king cobras, kraits, vipers, corals, keelbacks, and other snakes native to Thailand. Handholding the kraits for any reason seems rather absurd to me, yet snake-handlers across the globe do it regularly.

No response to stimuli and respiratory paralysis occurred at 20 hours after the snakebite. After ensuring the patient and onlookers have moved out of range of further strikes by the snake, the bitten person should be reassured and persuaded to lie down and remain still. Neurological aspects of ophitoxemia Indian krait – A clinico-electromyographic study.

Specific antivenom for Bungarus candidus.

Five patients were bitten by the Malayan krait Bungarus candidus Linnaeus in eastern Thailand or north western Malaya. What do you reckon? No sedatives outside hospital. The dark crossbands are separated by broad, yellowish-white interspaces, which may be spotted with black.

Google Scholar Articles by Nirthanan, S. Juveniles are 30 cm long at birth.

Malayan Krait – Blue Krait | Bungarus candidus | Highly Toxic Venom

Occurence of Krait Bungarus candidus and the small-spotted coral snake Calliophis maculiceps in Siam; a new colour variety of the latter. A phylogenetic analysis of Bungarus Elapidae based on morphological characters.


Not what I would consider aggressive or strongly defensive. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

Coma, brain death, bingarus suffocation due to paralysis of the muscles and nerves necessary for crucial functions like the diaphragm, and or heart, are frequent causes of death. Additional amphibians and reptiles from the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary in Northwestern Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia, with comments on their taxonomy and the discovery of three new species.

We live in Vientiane, Laos and I reckon these can be found here. The first three patients received specific antivenom for Bungarus candidus and the fourth patient did not receive any.

Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol.

Specific antivenom for Bungarus candidus.

Eyes are small in size and black with a barely visible, round pupils. We make buhgarus reasonable attempt to verify accuracy of information listed on this site. Group I Case 1, 2, and 3 had received specific antivenom for Bungarus candidus while group 2 case 4 had not.

To analyze the signs and symptoms of patients after snakebite and the response of the patients after receiving specific antivenom for Bungarus candidus snake.

His consciousness improved 10 hours after receiving 3 vials of specific antivenom.

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