Garrett Eckbo ( – ). Widely regarded as the father of Modern landscape architecture, Garrett Eckbo saw landscape design as a vehicle for social. Garrett Eckbo, American landscape architect (born Nov. 28, , Cooperstown, N.Y.—died May 15, , Oakland, Calif.), was a pioneer of. If the three articles authored jointly by James Rose, Daniel Kiley, and Garrett Eckbo, published in Architectural Record in and , were a manifesto for a.

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People like to dine out of doors, swim and play tennis in gay surroundings, sit and walk in the shade, and look out on a pleasant, spacious view. The landscape profession was introduced to the French work through publications—all in French and virtually linguistically inaccessible to the young Americans, with the notable exception of Fletcher Steele’s “New Pioneering in Garden Design.

In several series of prints, the artist used packages of skewed lines to energize the surface of the works [figure 44]. But for those with more limited time, space, funds, and interest, those areas of the garden requiring tending should be kept to a minimum.

Garrett Eckbo – Wikipedia

Eckbo’s eagerness to experiment during the s was epitomized by his theatrical Beverly Hills swimming pool design for the owner of Cole of California, the bathing suit company.

The scope of Ecckbo, Dean and Williams’ work was constantly increasing, the amount of detailed design necessarily reduced. A project for a recreation center in South Boston, designed with architecture gatrett Saunders, Robinson, Currie, and Crain, suggested the super-structure for public space assigned to varied use.

It is hard to do with wood.

The auto court was positioned on the far side of the house, isolated from the central garden, set within a zone assigned to vegetables, court games, and swimming. Henry Vincent Hubbard reigned as the theoretical head of the department, and the Beaux-Arts method formed the crux of his approach to design.

But when we throw out history, we throw out context, and in this sense the book is acontextual as well as atemporal. These designs for display were necessarily less assertive than gardens designed for specific clients but they provided the perfect accompaniments—and counterpoints—to the architecture of their respective houses [figure 36].

Aluminum became the most modern of modern building materials, sold as sheets, beams, and rods to a public anxious to do-it-yourself. From on, he began to spend one week a month in Los Angeles: Modern Landscapes for Living.

She married William Bell, who, according the US Census ofwas a eckb and seller of secondhand goods. InTheodora was living with Wallace G. When Garrett Eckob entered the University of California, the landscape program was already four decades old. In its use of a pure, circular organization, the Nickel garden was quite rare.


Leland Vaughan and Thomas Churchwho inspired him to move beyond the formalized beaux-arts style that was popular at the time. Through over fifty years of practice, writing, and teaching, Garrett Eckbo has been one of the most influential landscape architects of this century, fitting design to the needs and desires of contemporary life.

Here, plantings of magnolia, melaleuca, and ficus prevail, offering a homogenous canopy for houses that have taken various guises through remodeling over the year.

Eckbo, Garrett | CED Archives

The landscape architect must think of water, not only as a provider of coolness and repose or motion or life, or even as a translucent veil which intensifies the color and texture of any material across which it is drawn, but also because one does not step into a pool without careful preparation as a positive space-organizing element which controls physical movement, knocking a hole in the site, but does not block the movement of the eye.

More important, this idiom would signal a new regard for landscape architecture in society. Those major organizational plantings of Chinese elms, cottonwoods, mulberries, sycamores and other hardy species were softened with magnolias, oaks and olives for shade and almond and plum trees for color. What more could one ask from a book, almost fifty years old, than that it be a powerful, impassioned statement of its time and place, that it express the will and intent of a whole era of design, and at the same time contain ideas that remain valuable today, even for those who would reject many of its social and theoretical assumptions?

You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. While we might kindly term these designs contemporary, in no way could they be termed modern. He entered the competition; he was successful.

Environmental Design Archives

With the same group of designers, Eckbo founded Telesis, an organization that focused on the impact of development in the Bay Area. The assumption was that bold and free arrangements of space and material would generate such feelings and responses. The garden for Mr. This statement eckb remarkably prescient in summarizing Eckbo’s regard for the single-family site and its relation to the community, and the relation of planned nature to its maintenance and growth.

He continuously framed his theories and social ideals within the search for a modern idiom, establishing a perpetual dialogue among people, nature, and aesthetics.

On the other hand, the perceptual concerns demand an expression appropriate to the designer’s values and aesthetic sensibility. To meet the constantly increasing demands for housing, the authority’s designers created a series of camps, many of them in California’s Central Valley, that used almost every available form of housing stock. The landscape architect sees nothing extraordinary about going to such trouble for eckbp dispossessed.


It is Kandinsky’s compositions that constitute the closest parallels to Eckbo’s southern California works of the late s and s. In Eckbo wrote: Although Eckbo served as editor of a West Coast issue of Task in latethe group’s cohesion—if not its idealism—had been seriously gwrrett by the demands of war, at home and in battle.

But ours is a land of nomad harvesters. In strong farrett, it warned against the automobile and foretold the climate crisis. His father possessed only limited business acumen and each of his proj. The solutions ranged from eeckbo to trailers to metal sheds; none of them fancy, all of them minimal.

The reconstruction of Williamsburg, the elevation of Mt. The call for a scientific method for landscape architecture raised questions as to its manifestation as garden form and space. Materials had always been a major consideration in Eckbo’s thinking. Axial design tends to be static, its obvious purpose being to express ec,bo freeze the status quo.

Garrett Eckbo

Hedges and parterres of clipped boxwood, axial walkways, and nearly symmetrical dispositions paralleled the gagrett of the architectural scheme. Aluminum had been widely used during the war years as a component in airplane manufacture, but ALCOA was interested in promoting the metal’s peacetime use as well.

The source of these formal manipulations lay, once again, in modern art. University Art Museum curator of collections, James Steward, with the museum director, Jacquelyn Baas, shared our enthusiasm for the project from the very start and did everything possible to make the path toward its realization a smooth one. The substrata, the cladding, and the climatology of sites vary from place to place and region to region, and so too will the logical design response.

Technology reappeared as a fully positive force and, with it, the.

And finally, everything of aluminum had to be made from ALCOA aluminum, a not gareett request all things considered. But unlike Thomas Church, whose garden designs tended eckbp lead the eye outward, capturing the surroundings as a part of the composition, the constrictions of many Eckbo gardens made masking logical and an internal focus necessary. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.