This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Subgaleal Hematoma, Subgaleal Hemorrhage. Subgaleal hematoma (SGH), an abnormal accumulation of blood under the galeal aponeurosis of the scalp, is more commonly observed in newborns and. Subgaleal hematoma developed one to eight days after minor head trauma in four children and in two infants, one with presumed trauma. These six children.

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Miscarriage Perinatal mortality Stillbirth Infant mortality Neonatal withdrawal. Subgaleal hemorrhage is most often associated with vacuum extraction and forceps delivery, but it may also occur spontaneously. Please review our privacy policy. Support Center Support Center.

If enough blood accumulates a visible fluid wave may be seen. Management consists of vigilant observation over days to detect progression and, if required, of management of complications e. The presence of fluctuance early on, whether or not the swelling is progressive, is an important distinguishing feature of subgaleal hemorrhage.

Complications Hemorrhagic Shock Infection. Edit article Share article View revision history. Examination of the head, including the circumference of the head and assessment of the location and characteristics of any swelling Table 1should be repeated hourly if concerns are present. Postmortem examination confirmed a massive subgaleal hemorrhage, with several diastatic fractures and anoxic-ischemic changes within the brain.


Unable to process the form. Unfortunately, subgaleal hemorrhage was not diagnosed early, and the hemaotma could not be saved despite massive volume resuscitation.

Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Subgaleal lipoma Subgaleal lipoma. Search Bing for all related images. Sixty-four percent occurred after instrumental delivery. In haemorrhage, ischaemia and the perinatal brain.

A Complication of Instrumental Delivery.

Subgaleal hemorrhage

One hundred twenty-three SGH cases are summarized from the literature. Vertically transmitted infection Neonatal infection Congenital rubella syndrome Neonatal herpes simplex Mycoplasma hominis infection Ureaplasma urealyticum infection Omphalitis Neonatal sepsis Group B streptococcal infection Neonatal conjunctivitis. Could the course of her illness have been modified if her condition had been recognized earlier? D ICD – Create a free personal account to make a comment, download free hmatoma PDFs, sign up for alerts and more.

After rotation of the head, vacuum extraction was attempted 3 or 4 times. Purchase access Subscribe to the journal.

This article needs additional citations for verification. FDA; May Perinatal asphyxia Periventricular leukomalacia. Patients with subgaleal hematoma may present with hemorrhagic shock given the volume of blood that can be lost into the potential space between the skull hematomma and the scalp galea aponeurosis.


Arch Fr Pediatr ; The use of vacuum assisted delivery devices and fetal subgaleal haemorrhage. Laboratory studies consist of a hematocrit evaluation.

Monitoring includes a minimum of 8 hours’ observation for all babies following difficult vacuum extractions or forceps deliveries, regardless of Apgar score or need for resuscitation.

Subgaleal Hematoma: A Complication of Instrumental Delivery | JAMA | JAMA Network

Create a free personal account to access your dubgaleal, sign up for alerts, and more. Content is updated monthly with systematic literature reviews and conferences. This baby died of hypovolemic shock caused by massive subgaleal hemorrhage with a secondary acute encephalopathy. Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads. Risk factors Repeated use of vacuum extractor Coagulopathy.