If we explore the Swedish culture through the lens of the 6-D Model©, we can get a good overview of the deep drivers of Swedish culture relative to other world. If we explore French culture through the lens of the 6-D Model©, we can get a good overview of the deep drivers of France’s culture relative to other world. Please select a country in the dropdown menu below to see the values for the 6 dimensions. After a first country has been selected, a second and even a third.

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It is, therefore, a society in which a fair degree of inequality is accepted.

According to Hofstede’s model, men’s culture differs greatly from women’s culture within each society. As companies try to adapt their products and services to local habits and preferences they have to understand the specificity of their market. Hence in countries with higher power distance, innovative manufacturing companies are somewhat more bound to resort to process innovations.

The essentials of scholarship: Mirror, mirror on the wall: Hofstede’s analysis defined four initial dimensions of national culture that were positioned against analysis cultukr 40 initial countries.

It has inspired a number of other major cross-cultural studies of values, as well as research on other aspects of culture, such as social beliefs.

Cultures can, therefore, be described as Indulgent or Restrained. The 6 dimensions of national culture. Hofsrede to Gofstede, this dimension is eurocentric and sexist. This is an important distinction from the organizational level. Finally, Minkov’s World Values Survey data analysis of 93 representative samples of national populations also led Geert Hofstede to identify a sixth last dimension: On the misuse of national culture dimensions.

I provided a skeleton for the countries he studied, and he provided the flesh. The Hofstede model of national culture consists of six dimensions. He was struck by the cultural differences he noticed hofstese England and the Netherlands, two very close European countries.


Individual aggregate need careful separation from nation aggregate Smith et al. The same applies to masculinity.

In the scores for this dimension have been extended to 93 countries thanks to the research of Michael Minkov who used the recent World Values Survey. France scores somewhat in the middle 48 where it concerns Indulgence versus Restraint.

Dimensions do not exist Geert likes to say that ‘dimensions do not exist’. Inthe Culfuur University Groningenthe Netherlands established the Geert Hofstede Lecture, a bi-annual conference in the area of intercultural communication.

Incentives such as free time and flexible work hours and place are favoured.

The French combination of a high score on Power Distance and a high score on Individualism is rather unique. The fundamental issue here is what motivates people, wanting to be the best Masculine or liking what you do Feminine. Dimension data matrix Here are, in downloadable. In Hofstede founded the personnel research department of IBM Europe which he managed until The six-dimension model is very useful in international marketing because it defines national values not only in business context but in general.

Researchers can use them without asking for permission. His most notable work has hofstdde in developing cultural dimensions theory. Another hodstede of high Power Distance contrary to formal obedience is the total rejection of those in power as there is no way to change by evolution but only by strikes, revolts and revolution.

We only find the same combination in Belgium and, to some degree, in Spain and northern Italy. Human Relations55 1: Hofstede’s cultural dimensions enable users to distinguish countries but are not about differences between members of societies.

Country Comparison – Hofstede Insights

His studies demonstrated that there are national and regional cultural groups that influence the behavior of societies and organizations. He has received much recognition for his work in cross-cultural analysis. People in societies classified by a high score in Indulgence generally exhibit a willingness to realise their impulses and desires with regard to enjoying life and having fun.


Sweden scores low on this dimension score of 31 which means bim the following characterises the Swedish style: This section does not cite any sources. The level of reactions experienced by people exposed to foreign cultures can be compared similarly to the reactions of gender behaviors of the opposite sex.

Culture’s Consequences in a value test of its own design. International Differences in Work-Related Values 2nd ed. The French prefer to be dependent on the central government, an jofstede power centre which cannot so easily invade hofsyede private life.

With a score of 68, France scores fairly high on Power Distance.

The 6 dimensions of national culture

Cultural differences are a nuisance at best, sometimes a disaster, but always present like the air we breathe. Cutuur, in order to be able to have respectful cross-cultural relations, we have to be aware of these cultural differences. In Middle Eastern countries much negotiation takes place leading into the ‘agreement’, signified by shaking hands. National scores should never be interpreted as deterministic for individuals.

Long Term Orientation versus Short Term Normative Orientation LTO Every society has to maintain some links with its own past while dealing with the challenges of the present and the future. Culture, Leadership, and Organizations: This is clearly evident in the following: French culture in terms of the model has, however, another unique characteristic.

Employees expect to be consulted.