Hyphaene thebaica is distributed from Senegal and Gambia eastwards to Somalia, and is especially common between latitudes 8°N and 12°N. The Beneficial Dietary Hypotensive and Hypolipidaemic Effects of Hyphaene Thebaica (Doum). The Internet Journal of Alternative Medicine. Volume 7 . The doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica) is a type palm tree which has a wood texture and has edible oval fruits and the origin native to upper Egypt. The trunk of.

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Keywords doum antioxidant antimicrobial anticancer phenolic compounds.

Hyphaene thebaica

The large seeds germinate easily and readily, and should be planted in deep containers since they produce long ‘sinkers’ before any top growth is visible. They were divided into 2 groups each group consisted of 15 patients control group received antihypertensive drug with similar dose, and Doum group received the same antihypertensive drug with the same dose. The extract was capable of lowering the blood pressure in normal and hypertensive dogs, but had no diuretic effects in rabbits, jyphaene no oestrogenic and androgenic effects in rats.

Concentrations of total cholesterol and triglycerides were measured in EDTA-treated plasma by using enzymatic methods Menarini Diagnostici, Firenze, Italy. Fibre from the petiole is used for making sponges and brushes. Similar results were observed in previous studies, which showed that polar solvent extract of H.

The male inflorescence is a fodder in Sudan. Downloaded on hypuaene September The methanol extract of H.

This anticancer activity may be hyphaenw to the antioxidant activity of doum extract. Compared with the control patients, supplementation with Doum caused a significant decrease in systolic blood pressure, diastolic B. It was considered sacred by the Ancient Egyptians and its seeds were found in many pharaoh’s tombs e.


The endosperm of unripe seeds is soft and has a cavity holding a liquid which is a much-savoured drink thebaia northern Hyphaenf. Leaves may also be used as fuel.

The authors would like to show appreciation to Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Department of Biochemistry and Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Department of Biological and Geological Sciences for continuing cooperation to support thebakca that provided facilities necessary to accomplish the most wanted objectives of research.

Elephants and baboons eat the fruits and disperse the seeds. In Eritrea fibre has been extracted from the leaves with machines. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. This page was last edited on 29 Octoberat The flavour of the red-orange fruit is hyphaenw likened to that of gingerbread. It was already cultivated in ancient Egypt, where it was considered sacred.

In Turkey and Kenya, the powder made from the outer covering of the fruit is added to water and milk and left to stand to make a mild alcoholic drink; in other countries, the terminal meristem is tapped for thenaica palm wine. The bark is fairly smooth, dark grey and bears the scars of fallen leaves. Before being decorticated, the leaves were soaked in water for 24 hours.

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. In Niger, for instance, entire juvenile leaves are cut from young palms too regularly and intensively, resulting in a change theebaica the normal arborescent habit into a subterranean-creeping habit.


All parts of doum palm have a useful role such as fiber and leaflets which used to weave baskets and doum nuts which have antioxidants and secondary metabolites such as tannins, phenols, saponin, steroids, glycosides, flavonoid, terpenes and terpinoids.

Doum nut |

Figure 3 Table 2: Doum palm was considered sacred by the Ancient Egyptiansand the seed was found in many pharaoh’s tombs. Studies on anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, anticancer and pharmacological potential of Hyphaene thebaica extracts and its major phytoconstituents like the phenolic, essential oil and flavonoid compounds are extensively discussed in this review.

Moreover, the ethyl acetate extract of doum fruit was active against five pathogenic bacteria, Staphylococcus aureusEscherichia coliBacellussubtilisPseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumonia while methanol extract was active against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumonia.

A type of ApoA-I has also been shown to have a statistically significant effect in reducing reversing plaque build-up on arterial walls Chiesa and Sirtori, Doum is one of the commonly consumed traditional beverages in Egypt and is hyphaenr in polyphenolic compounds.

The legendary Doum palm from North-east Africa was well known to the ancient Egyptians who buried large numbers of the fruits in the tombs of their pharaos. The tea thebaicca Doum is popular in Egypt and believed to be good for diabetes.

A maceration of the root bark is taken for the treatment of intestinal colic and inguinal hernia.