Heterosis breeding is used to improve yield quantity and quality of Tomato ( Solanum Exploitation of hybrid vigor in Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) is economical and easy International Journal of Vegetable Science. study. Yield and leaf area showed highly significant heterosis in F1 hybrids ranging from to % and .. Harayana Agricultural University Journal of. Seven F1 wheat hybrids were tested at two different spacings of the plants within the rows. Although some crosses exhibited heterosis none yielded significantly.

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When used in crossings, these genotypes contribute to small-sized plant obtainment, generating individuals for potted plant market with indoor decorative purposes. Genetics and Molecular Research ABSTRACT Ornamental use of Capsicum genus chili peppers has expanded due to easy seed propagation, short germination period, diversified fruit colors and harmony of potted plants. Pendugaan heterosis dan heterobeltiosis pada enam genotip cabai menggunakan analisis silang dialel penuh [Estimating heterosis and heterobeltiosis on six genotypes of chili using full diallel cross analysis].

Evaluasi daya gabung dan heterosis lima galur jagung manis Zea mays var. Seedlings were produced in polystyrene hetersis with cells containing commercial subtract and transplanting was conducted when the seedlings had four to six pairs of definitive leaves, by transferring them into 5-liter plastic pots filled spacing 1. The ornamental plant sector requires cultivars adapted heterois different cultivation conditions in pots and gardens. Heterosis studies in chilli Capsicum annuum L.

Another desirable usage for chili pepper is garden cultivation, in which higher plants can be used. User Username Password Remember me. These results suggest the presence of variability among the studied genotypes. It is important to highlight that the genitors used in this diallel were indicated based on their agronomic performance and genetic divergence, according to Silva et al. Analysis of variance ANOVA with basis on the averages of each treatment was conducted for quantitative data.


Eight quantitative descriptors were analyzed with basis on average values of each access: Email this article Login required.

Evaluation of heterosis and combining ability of yield components in chillies. Retrieved from website Riyanto, A. Morpho-agronomic characterization was conducted based on eight quantitative descriptors: Heterosis and heterobeltiosis evaluation were conducted in a field experiment at Indonesian Jurjal Research Institute from March until October using a randomized block design, replicated 3 times.

Combining ability for earliness and productivity in sweet pepper Capsicum hetdrosis L. Heterosis Heterosis varied from Genes Software – extended and integrated with the R, Matlab and Selegen. Such reductions are desirable for ornamental Capsicum breeding programs.

In general, these results indicated predominance of GCA effects in relation to SCA ones, which means predominance of additive effects on height characteristic before and afterwards fruiting ; days to flourishing; fruit length and diameter, and number of fruits per plant.

African Journal of Biotechnology, 12 47— Regarding canopy diameter, there was no significant difference among treatments and values varied from Teknik pemuliaan tanaman [Plant breeding techniques].

It must be highlighted that small-sized fruits and in higher number are ideal for ornamental chili pepper production.

Heterosis Dan Heterobeltiosis Pada Persilangan 5 Genotip Cabai Dengan Metode Dialil

Capsicum annuum; ornamental breeding; ideotype; diallel analysis. Capsicum annuum is the most studied species of the genus, including in genetic and breeding terms, and several investigations report results of diallelic crossings.


The averages for HET1 varied from 6. Agronomika, 10 11— Aiming to develop new cultivars for ornamental chili pepper market, and considering a jutnal pepper ideotype proposed, which consists in small-sized plants up to 30 cmprecocious in days to flourishing and fruiting, and in high number of fruits per plant, the following hybrids could be recommended: Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution Combining ability of several introduced and local chilli pepper Capsicum annuum L.

Heterosis Dan Heterobeltiosis Pada Persilangan 5 Genotip Cabai Dengan Metode Dialil – Neliti

Gene effect and heterosis in Capsicum baccatum var. Woolen yarns of different colors were used to identify fruits derived from each crossing. Estimation of heterosis for yield and quality components in chilli Capsicum annuum L.

These studies described a negative correlation between fruit size and number of fruits per plant, indicating that lower values of fruit size enable greater production of fruits per heterowis, an association that grants better attractiveness and harmony in ornamental ambiance. Food and Agriculture Jurna.

Pollen of each parent was stored in refrigerator inside of properly identified amber glasses containing silica gel. Heterosis studies in chillies Capsicum annuum L. This study discloses results of combining ability of Capsicum annuum accessions and identifies superior hybrid combinations that are potentially useful as new cultivars of ornamental chili pepper.