LAMINECTOMIA LUMBAR PDF

Lumbar laminectomy is the removal of the lamina or roof of the vertebra to provide enough space for the nerves to exit the spinal canal. A laminectomy is a surgical procedure that removes a portion of the vertebral bone called the lamina, which is the roof of the spinal canal. It is a major spine. Artrodesis vertebral posterior (lumbar). ¿Qué es? La artrodesis vertebral posterior (fusión intervertebral) es una cirugía para fusionar dos o más huesos de la.

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Laminectomy

Back surgery can relieve pressure on the spine, but it is not a cure-all for spinal stenosis. Articular cartilage repair Microfracture surgery Knee cartilage replacement therapy Autologous chondrocyte implantation. However, if the spinal column is unstable and fusion is required, the recovery period can last from several months to more than a year, and the likelihood of laminfctomia relief is far less probable. March Learn how and when to remove this template message.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Removal of these structures with an open technique requires disconnecting the many muscles laminectomla the back attached to them. A laminectomy is a surgical procedure that removes a portion of the vertebral bone called the laminawhich is the roof of the spinal canal. The lamina is a posterior arch of the vertebral bone lying between the spinous process which juts out in the middle and the more lateral pedicles and the transverse processes of each vertebra.

The actual bone removal may laminectomua carried out with a variety of surgical tools, including drills, rongeurs and lasers.

Upper view of a human vertebra, showing the lamina. Shoulder surgery Shoulder replacement Bankart repair Weaver—Dunn procedure Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction Hand surgery Brunelli procedure. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Arthrotomy Arthroplasty Synovectomy Arthroscopy Replacement joint imaging: When the disabling symptoms of spinal stenosis are primarily neurogenic claudication and the laminectomy is done without spinal fusion, there is generally a rapid recovery and long term relief.

The lamina of the vertebra is removed or trimmed to widen the spinal canal and create more space for the spinal nerves and thecal sac. Spinal stenosis is the single most common diagnosis that leads to spinal surgery, of which a laminectomy represents one component. Spinal decompression and Foraminotomy. Femoral head ostectomy Astragalectomy Distraction osteogenesis Ilizarov apparatus Phemister graft.

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A laminectomy is also the name of a spinal operation that conventionally includes the removal of one or both lamina, as well as other posterior supporting structures of the vertebral column, including ligaments and additional bone.

A common type of laminectomy is performed to permit the removal or reshaping of a spinal disc as part of a lumbar discectomy. Views Read Edit View history. Most commonly, a laminectomy is performed to treat spinal laminecto,ia. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

For the procedure to increase the size of an opening in a lamina, see Laminotomy. The reason for lamina removal is rarely, if ever, because the lamina itself is diseased; rather, it is done to break lamiectomia continuity of the rigid ring of the spinal canal to allow the soft tissues within the canal to: There may be considerable pain immediately after the operation, and pain may laminectomka on a longer laminfctomia basis.

The pair of laminae, along with the spinous process, make up the posterior wall of the bony spinal canal. Retrieved from ” https: Retrieved 19 December In most known cases of laminectlmia and thoracic laminectomies, [5] [ dead link ] patients tend to recover slowly, with recurring pain or spinal stenosis persisting for up to 18 months after the procedure. The success rate of a laminectomy depends on the specific reason for the operation, as well as proper patient selection and the surgeon’s technical ability.

A laminectomy performed as a minimal spinal surgery procedure is a tissue-preserving surgery that leaves more of the muscle intact and spares the spinal process.

Laminectomy – Wikipedia

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This page was last edited on 16 Novemberat A laminectomy can treat severe spinal stenosis by relieving pressure on the spinal cord or nerve roots, provide access to a tumor or other mass lying in or around the spinal cord, or help in tailoring the contour of the vertebral column to correct a spinal deformity such as kyphosis. It is a laninectomia spine operation with residual scar tissue and may result in postlaminectomy syndrome.

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This is a treatment for a herniatedbulging, or degenerated disc. The recovery period after a laminectomy depends on lhmbar specific operative technique, with minimally invasive procedures having significantly shorter recovery periods than open surgery.

According to a World Health Organization census inmost laminecfomia who had undergone a lumbar laminectomy recovered normal function within one year of their operation.

Another procedure, called the laminotomy, is the removal of a mid-portion of one lamina and may be done either with a laminectomi open technique or in a minimalistic fashion with the use of tubular retractors and endoscopes.

laminectomía lumbar

Removal of substantial amounts of bone and tissue may require additional procedures such as spinal fusion to stabilize the spine and generally require a much longer recovery period than a simple laminectomy. Although the literal meaning laminectomoa laminectomy is ‘excision of the lamina’, a conventional laminectomy in neurosurgery and orthopedics involves excision of the posterior spinal ligament and some or all of the spinous process.

Surgical treatment that includes a laminectomy is the most effective remedy for severe spinal stenosis; however, most cases of spinal stenosis are not severe enough to require surgery. This article is about the complete removal of a lamina. With spinal fusion, the recovery time may be longer.

In some cases after laminectomy and spinal fusion, it may take several months to return to normal activities. For some people, recovery can take weeks or months and may require long-term occupational and physical therapy. Retrieved Lumbad 20, Surgery does not stop the degenerative process and symptoms may reappear within several years.

Neurosurgery Orthopedic surgical procedures Surgical removal procedures. Articles lacking in-text citations from March All articles lacking in-text citations All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from Lumbbar