LEON FESTINGER TEORIA DE LA DISONANCIA COGNITIVA PDF

Según Leon Festinger, autor de la teoría de la Disonancia Cognitiva hace más de 40 años, “las personas no soportamos mantener al mismo. Disonancia cognitiva y percepción. Esta teoría defiende que la disonancia es un sentimiento desagradable que motiva a la Leon Festinger. Transcript of Teroria de la Disonancia Cognitiva de Leon Festinger Esta teoría trata de predecir los cambios que ocurrirán en las actitudes de.

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Although seemingly counter-intuitive that dd would choose to believe “fear-provoking” rumors, Festinger reasoned that these rumors were actually “fear-justifying. He is also known in social network theory for the proximity effect or propinquity. To use Festinger’s example, a chess novice does not compare his chess abilities to those of recognized chess masters, [47] disonanfia does a college student compare his intellectual abilities to those of a toddler. When doomsday came and went, Martin claimed that the world had been spared because of the “force of Good and light” [52] that the group members had spread throughout the world.

A veces hasta ocgnitiva vestirse de tal o cual manera hay que justificarse. Some subjects, who were led to believe that their participation in the experiment had concluded, were then asked to perform a favor for the experimenter by telling the next participant, who was actually a confederate, that the task was extremely enjoyable.

Festinger’s seminal work integrated existing research literature on influence re social communication under his theory of cognitive dissonance. This page was last edited on 13 Novemberat Habitual Tener Miedo vs. Dissonance reduction can be achieved by changing fedtinger by changing actions [58]or selectively acquiring new information or opinions.

After graduating, Festinger worked as a research associate at Iowa from toand then as a statistician for the Committee on Selection and Training of Aircraft Pilots at the University of Rochester from to during World War II. February 11, aged 69 New York City.

Teroria de la Disonancia Cognitiva de Leon Festinger by carla parra on Prezi

The team observed the group firsthand for months before and after the predicted apocalypse. May 8, New York City. Festinger also later described the increased conviction and proselytizing by cult members after disconfirmation as a specific instantiation of cognitive dissonance i.

El ser humano es muy complejo. Hola queria dejarles unas preguntas que hice en yahoo answers quiza alguien sepa. Social comparison theory and cognitive dissonance have been described by other psychologists as “the two most fruitful theories in social psychology.

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Carlsmith published their classic cognitive dissonance experiment in Festinger labeled communications arising from such pressures toward uniformity as “instrumental communication” in that the communication is not an end in itself but a means to reduce discrepancies between the communicator and others in the group.

Although the proximity effect or cogniitva was an important direct finding from the study, Festinger and his collaborators also noticed correlations between the degree cognjtiva friendship within a group of residents and the similarity of opinions within the group, [27] thus cognltiva unexpected questions regarding communication within social groups and the development of group standards of attitudes and behaviors.

He decided not to pursue treatment, and died on February 11, Theory of Cognitive Dissonance. The three psychologists and several more assistants joined the group.

Behaviorists focused only on the observable, i.

Teoria della dissonanza cognitiva

Among people who felt the shock but sustained no damage from the earthquake, rumors were widely circulated and accepted about even worse disasters to come. It was at MIT that Festinger, in his own words, “became, by fiat, a social psychologist, and immersed myself in the field with all its difficulties, vaguenesses, and cognitivx.

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By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Starting with the premise that humans have an innate drive to accurately evaluate their opinions and abilities, Festinger postulated that people will seek to evaluate their opinions and abilities by comparing them with those of others.

Festinger and James M. During this time, Festinger published his highly influential paper on social comparison theory, extending his prior theory regarding the evaluation of attitudes in social groups to the evaluation of abilities in social groups. Festinger and his collaborators, Henry Riecken and Stanley Schachter, examined conditions under which disconfirmation of beliefs leads to increased conviction in such beliefs in the book When Prophecy Fails.

Basta con conversar un rato para descubrir incongruencias de las que son totalmente conscientes. Festinger studied psychology under Kurt Lewinan important figure in modern social psychology, at the University of Iowagraduating in ; [5] however, he did not develop an interest in social psychology until after joining the faculty at Lewin’s Research Center for Group Dynamics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in People will, moreover, take action to reduce discrepancies in attitudes, whether by changing others to bring them closer to oneself or by changing one’s own attitudes to bring them closer to others.

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In addition, Festinger is credited with the ascendancy of laboratory experimentation festinfer social psychology as one who “converted the experiment into a powerful scientific instrument with a central role in the search for knowledge. Dissonance was created for the subjects performing the favor, as the task was in fact boring. Perhaps one of the greatest impacts of Festinger’s studies lies in their “depict[ion] of social behavior as the responses of a thinking organism continually acting to bring order into his world, rather than as the blind impulses of a troria of emotion and habit,” as cited in his Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award.

Review of General Psychology. The messages purportedly said that a flood would destroy the world on December 21, His theories and research are credited with renouncing the previously dominant behaviorist view of social psychology by demonstrating the inadequacy of stimulus-response conditioning accounts of human behavior. To use Festinger’s example of a smoker who has knowledge that smoking is bad for his health, the smoker may reduce dissonance by choosing to quit smoking, by changing his thoughts about the effects of smoking e.

Leon Festinger

Many of the group members quit their jobs and disposed of their possessions in preparation for the apocalypse. Estos ejemplos muestran la necesidad que tenemos las personas de justificar lo innecesario o, incluso, lo injustificable.

Festinger and his co-authors concluded that the following conditions lead to increased conviction in beliefs following disconfirmation:.

De acuerdo contigo, un estudio puede poner en duda o confirmar los estudios realizados anteriormente. Por tanto, me contradigo y, haciendo alarde de mi incongruencia, termino diciendo que creo que todo el mundo es congruente, pero lo es por muy poco tiempo, pues en cada minuto puede aprender o descubrir algo que le haga cambiar de idea.

Inhe closed his laboratory, citing dissatisfaction with working “on narrower and narrower technical problems. Stanley Schachter Elliot Aronson.